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Annex XIII - Action Plan for the Coming Future

CHAPTER TASK GROUP MEMBERS SUMMARY
TOWARD A WORLDWIDE CONSENSUS ABOUT SAFETY OF NUCLEAR REACTORS Nuclear Safety: Bernard Roche, chair (ENS), Fred Boyd (CNS), Ezra Elias (INS), Mario Fontana (ANS), Tsing-Tung Huang (NEST), Witold Lepecki (LAS), Miguel Medina (SNM), W.I. Midvidy (CNS), Mr. Hiroshi Sekimoto (AESJ). Safety and competitiveness of nuclear power plants are a major preoccupation for utilities, vendors or safety authorities. Standardization is a good solution to meet these goals which implies a worldwide consensus about safety rules. The paper contributes to give some areas of consensus both for existing and future plants.
ACHIEVING PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING AND ACCEPTANCE OF NUCLEAR POWER Public Acceptance: Egon Frech, chair (ANS), Roger J. Alsop (ANA), Bertrand Barr� (ENS), Guilherme Camargo (ABEN), Bruno De Vecchi (SNM), Colin Duncan (ENS), Audeen Fentiman (ANS), Andrei Gagarinski (ENS), Roxanne Summers (ANS), Yasumasa Tanaka (AESJ). The growth of the nuclear power option is impeded in many countries by public concerns over the safety and environmental consequences of producing electricity by means of nuclear reactors. This paper examines the nature and causes of public concerns about the development and implementation of the plans and technologies for nuclear power, the need for public understanding and acceptance of such plans and technologies, and the means for potentially achieving it.
IMPORTANT ISSUES IN GLOBAL UTILIZATION OF NUCLEAR ENERGY Nuclear Role in Coming Future: Masao Hori, chair (AESJ), Manuel Acero (ENS), Yumi Akimoto (AESJ), Rafael Baizabal (SNM), Neil R. McDonald (ANA), Jorge Spitalnik (LAS), Bert Wolfe (ANS). The Task Group has considered the prospects of nuclear power in coming future and has produced a position paper including status analysis and action plan to be taken in a short term. The paper covers important issues of nuclear energy for global utilization, which are not studied by other task groups, including ethical issues on the use of nuclear energy and the environment.
RADIOACTIVE WASTE Radioactive Waste: John Mathieson, chair (ENS), Clarence J. Hardy (ANA), Der-Yu Hsia (NEST), Toshiaki Ohe (AESJ), Raul Ramirez (SNM), Aurelio Ulibarri (ENS). The purpose of this paper is to look at radioactive waste management from an international perspective. At the same time consider how different countries are applying top level principles of radwaste management in providing an environmental solution to a technological problem. The paper concentrates on the disposal of solid radioactive waste but many of the same principles apply to discharges of liquid and gaseous radioactive effluents as well.
NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION Nuclear Non-Proliferation: Chang Kun Lee, chair (KNS), Andrei Gagarinski (ENS), Myron Kratzer (ANS), Andrej Stritar (ENS), Tatsujiro Suzuki (AESJ), Carlos Velez (SNM), J.J. Wagschal (INS).


Revision-1 Editor: Jorge Spitalnik (LAS).

This report analyzes the different pathways that lead to nuclear proliferation, looks at the record of nuclear bomb tests, evaluates the status of weapons possessed by the so-called "have countries", and discusses the structure of the nuclear non-proliferation regime. Mention is made of the wherewithals of strengthening the non-proliferation measures, and an approach is suggested in order to enhance global non-proliferation.
ROLE OF RISK METHODS IN THE REGULATION OF NUCLEAR POWER Risk Issues: Robert Bari, chair (ANS), Luiz Alberto Ilha Arrieta (LAS), Maria Teresa Dominguez (ENS), Ezra Elias (INS), Donald J. Higson (ANA), Peter Kafka (ENS), Shunsuke Kondo (AESJ). The Task Group has developed a status report on the use of risk-based approaches to nuclear reactor safety in various countries. This includes contributions from 15 countries on five continents. It is clear from all countries surveyed that probabilistic risk assessment methods have become an important part of the safety evaluation and management processes in support of regulation.
LOW DOSES OF IONISING RADIATION INCURRED AT LOW DOSE RATES Low Doses Issues: Donald J. Higson, chair (ANA), John Graham (ANS), Jae-Shik Jun (KNS), Sadayoshi Kobayashi (AESJ) , R.E.J. Mitchel (CNS). This report addresses the scientific information available on the biological effects of low radiation doses. For radiation protection purposes, ICRP recommends the assumption that the risk of radiation induced cancer is proportional to the dose without a threshold. However, at low doses, it is also possible that there is no risk or that there are benefits from exposure. The possibility that there are bio-positive effects from radiation exposure of humans needs to be accepted and investigated without prejudice. On the current basis of information, INSC recommends the assumption, for all purposes other than scientific research, that there is no significant biological effect from low doses of radiation.
REPORT MEMBERS SUMMARY
REPORT OF THE YOUNGER GENERATION OF PROFESSIONALS WITHIN NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PREPARED BY THE YOUNGER GENERATION GROUP FOR THE COUNCIL Younger Generation Group: John Graham, chair (ANS), Ronald Berk (The Netherlands), Sama Bilbao y Leon (Spain), Marko Cepin (Slovenia), Hideichi Hasegawa (Japan), Roland Jansma (The Netherlands), Frederick Johansson (Sweden), Han Gon Kim (Korea), Serguei Klykov (Russia), Rogelio Rea Soto (SNM), Emmy Roos (Belgium), Alexandre Tsyboulia (Russia), Karl Umstadter (USA). This is not an INSC paper but a report resulting from the discussions of a group of the younger generation of professionals in nuclear science and technology. It covers the views of the younger generations of nuclear professionals, in particular in areas such as Employment, Professional ethics, Analysis of older generations activities, Means for expression of views and ideas.

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